skbio.stats.subsample_counts(counts, n, replace=False)[source]

Randomly subsample from a vector of counts, with or without replacement.

State: Experimental as of 0.4.0.

  • counts (1-D array_like) – Vector of counts (integers) to randomly subsample from.

  • n (int) – Number of items to subsample from counts. Must be less than or equal to the sum of counts.

  • replace (bool, optional) – If True, subsample with replacement. If False (the default), subsample without replacement.


subsampled – Subsampled vector of counts where the sum of the elements equals n (i.e., subsampled.sum() == n). Will have the same shape as counts.

Return type


  • TypeError – If counts cannot be safely converted to an integer datatype.

  • ValueError – If n is less than zero or greater than the sum of counts when replace=False.

  • EfficiencyWarning – If the accelerated code isn’t present or hasn’t been compiled.


If subsampling is performed without replacement (replace=False), a copy of counts is returned if n is equal to the number of items in counts, as all items will be chosen from the original vector.

If subsampling is performed with replacement (replace=True) and n is equal to the number of items in counts, the subsampled vector that is returned may not necessarily be the same vector as counts.


Subsample 4 items (without replacement) from a vector of counts:

>>> import numpy as np
>>> from skbio.stats import subsample_counts
>>> a = np.array([4, 5, 0, 2, 1])
>>> sub = subsample_counts(a, 4)
>>> sub.sum()
>>> sub.shape

Trying to subsample an equal number of items (without replacement) results in the same vector as our input:

>>> subsample_counts([0, 3, 0, 1], 4)
array([0, 3, 0, 1])

Subsample 5 items (with replacement):

>>> sub = subsample_counts([1, 0, 1, 2, 2, 3, 0, 1], 5, replace=True)
>>> sub.sum()
>>> sub.shape